Teknik inseminasi buatan pada ternak ebook


    Industri Sapi Potong - Ebook written by Kuswati, Trinil Susilawati. Buku Industri Sapi Potong ini disusun berdasarkan pada hasil-hasil penelitian, kajian dan. Endokrinologi Veteriner - Ebook written by Pudji Astuti. bahasan dalam bidang ilmu fisiologi yang dalam hal ini ditekankan pada hormon. Ayam Buras Pedaging - Ebook written by Ir. Bambang Cahyono. pembangunan kandang, penyediaan pakan, teknik menghasilkan DOC, pemeliharaan.

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    Teknik Inseminasi Buatan Pada Ternak Ebook

    Pada katak terdapat 2 sistem porta: ยท Sistem vena porta hepatica yang terjadilah telur. pdf Free Download Here Get a Free Blog Here waktu dalam . in vitro merupakan teknologi untuk produksi embrio pada lingkungan buatan (di luar tubuh). . dari teknik inseminasi buatan1 yang telah berkembang di dunia kedokteran. Pakan atau makanan untuk ternak merupakan salah satu faktor penting dalam Modul ini hanya memberikan petunjuk teknis dalam manajemen pemberian yang diberikan dan cara pemeliharaan akan tetapi pada peternakan modern saat .. nutrisi ternak ternak ruminansia pakan ternak inseminasi buatan manajemen. Ketelibatan pengguna dalam pengembangan sumberdaya genetik ternak. Negara yang melaporkan penggunaan inseminasi buatan.

    Account Options Sign in. Top Charts. New Arrivals. Buku Industri Sapi Potong ini disusun berdasarkan pada hasil-hasil penelitian, kajian dan review text book dan jurnal. Buku ini disusun bertujuan untuk memberikan informasi kepada mahasiswa, peneliti, pelaku usaha sapi potong serta instansi yang terkait dengan usaha atau industri sapi potong. Reviews Review Policy.

    Proestrus Days 17 to 21 Cows may show increased excitability but not to the stage of actual mating. A cow coming into oestrus shows interest in other cows, and displays this interest in many ways, as depicted by the shaded cows in Figure 1.

    As already mentioned, the best positive sign of oestrus is that the cow in oestrus will stand to be mounted and will not move away as depicted by the shaded cow in Figure 1 ix.

    Other external signs include frequent urination, red swollen vulva with mucous discharge, and milk yield fluctuations on a daily basis. It is important to note that the abovementioned behavioural and external signs are noticeable to varying degrees as the cow comes into oestrus, goes through standing oestrus, and goes out of oestrus again.

    The times of these periods are 6 to 24 hours for coming into oestrus, 6 to 18 hours for standing oestrus period during which cow will stand to be mounted , and 12 to 24 hours for going out of oestrus. This person must realize the importance of the job, take the task seriously, and ensure that the necessary action is taken.

    These observations should not take place when other activities, such as feeding and milking, are in progress. Ensure that the cows are not on slippery, steep, rocky areas or under a low roof during observation : cows will hesitate to mount one another if they don't have a good footing.

    This should be recorded, as this sign is a valuable aid in predicting a cow's next oestrus. Listed below are some useful aids: The presence of a bull in the vicinity of the cows.

    This will stimulate oestrous behaviour in otherwise quiet cows. If the bull is placed in a pen sited in such a way that the cows can pass closely and regularly, those in oestrus will generally migrate towards the bull.

    Marker animals. Vasectomized bulls bulls which have been surgically modified so that they are unable to fertilize cows, but are still able and keen to mount them or cystic cows can be used as heat detectors. If these animals are fitted with a "chin ball marker", they will mark the backs of those cows which they have mounted.

    Heat mount detectors. These are pressure pads in the form of sachets, containing coloured dye, which are glued in place on the tailhead. The pressure exerted by a mounting cow on this pad on the back of a cow in oestrus induces a colour change in the dye. False positives do occur, for example the banging or brushing of the detectors on obstacles such as cubicle rails.

    Their use is therefore best restricted to those cows which prove difficult to observe in oestrus. Tail "paint". A well-placed strip of paint on the tailhead is a cheap and effective aid. This paint will be rubbed off or at least cracked when the painted cow is mounted by another.

    Again, false positives can be a problem, as in heat mount detectors. The technique demands good management, in the sense that cows should be checked at least once a day, otherwise heats may be missed. Ada beberapa ukuran efisensi reproduksi untuk sapi perah berdasarkan performans reproduksi selama satu periode laktasi yaitu : 1 Periode kosong days open yaitu periode atau selang waktu sejak sapi beranak sampai dikawinkan kembali dan terjadi kebuntingan.

    Apabila kawin pertama setelah beranak terjadi kebuntingan, maka periode kosong sama dengan selang waktu kawin pertama setelah beranak first service postpartus. Kawin pertama setelah beranak yang baik berkisar hari pada berahi kedua atau berahi ketiga. Jarak beranak yang ideal berkisar bulan. Annual calving yang ideal di Indonesia 12 bulan hari. Performans reproduksi lainnya yang harus mendapat perhatian adalah : a. Siklus berahi heat period yaitu selang waktu dari berahi sampai berahi berikutnya.

    Siklus berahi pada sapi dewasa berkisar hari atau rata-rata 21 hari, sedangkan pada sapi dara biasanya lebih pendek yaitu hari. Lama berahi heat of duration yaitu selang waktu sejak sapi mulai berahi sampai sapi normal kembali. Lamanya berahi pada sapi perah berkisar jam atau rata-rata 18 jam.

    Pada sapi dara lebih cepat yaitu rata-rata 15 jam. Awal berahi dan lamanya berahi sangat penting untuk menentukan waktu perkawinan yang tepat. Lama bunting gestation period yaitu selang waktu sejak sapi dikawinkan dan terjadi kebuntingan sampai beranak. Telah dijelaskan bahwa ransum yang diberikan kepada sapi perah harus benar-benar diperhatikan dan dihitung sesuai kondisi dan kebutuhan ternak tersebut.

    Nutrisi yang terkandung di dalam ransum harus dalam keadaan seimbang dan sesuai dengan kebutuhan. Apabila ada kekurangan salah satu nutrisi, maka keseimbangan nutrisi di dalam ransum turun, sehingga mengakibatkan mundurnya fungsi organ-organ reproduksi dan fungsi kelenjarkelenjar yang memproduksi hormon.

    Suhu udara sangat berpengaruh terhadap sifat reproduksi misalnya pada sapi yang dikandangkan dengan suhu udara oc, lama berahi kurang lebih 11 jam, sedangkan pada suhu udara oc lama berahi rata-rata 20 jam.

    Sapi perah sangat sensitif terhadap perubahan-perubahan manajemen terutama yang berhubungan langsung dengan termaknya. Dalam tatalaksana reproduksi yang penting adalah adanya catatan yang menginformasikan segala sesuatu yang berkaitan dengan reproduksi. Catatan ini harus lengkap dan jelas. Apabila ternak terserang penyakit, maka biaya yang dikeluarkan cukup besar.

    Oleh karena itu, sebaiknya dilakukan pencegahan baik melalui seleksi maupun vaksinasi secara rutin. Penanganan Retensi Plasenta VI.

    Successful Reproductive Managers Successful reproductive managers have only so many hours every day to accomplish a multitude of tasks. We have highlighted 10 areas that successful reproductive managers spend their time perfecting and how other producers can make the same adjustments to their herd. The numbers.

    Successful reproductive managers know the facts, rather than trying to estimate. They record all of the reproductive information so they can calculate important herd averages, such as services per conception, pregnancy rate, days open and days to first service.

    Once they have the numbers, their job is just beginning now it s time to put a plan into action that will help their herd achieve even higher goals. Even when their current numbers are exceptional, successful managers want to reach even higher and achieve even more. Level Interpretation Over 71 excellent 61 to 70 adequate efficiency 51 to 60 slight problem 41 to 50 moderate problem Under 40 severe problem Heat detection rates can be increased if dairymen 1 recognize factors that affect expression of heat, 2 record all observed heats and use records in predicting subsequent heats, 3 use heat detection aids carefully, and 4 know the percentage of breedable heats detected DHI.

    Anyone can guess at success, but actually putting a value with the reproductive program will give you a place to start. From there you can set goals to improve your current reproductive program. Heat detection. It s impossible to get cows bred without knowing which cows are in heat. Good managers focus on finding cows in heat and getting them bred when the time is right. There are many different heat detection methods that herds utilize, and successful managers choose those that work best for their operation.

    The surest sign that a cow is in heat is to actually see her stand to be mounted. But in the busy lifestyles that many dairymen have today, watching the cows all day is not always possible. Many dairies have personnel responsible for watching for heats every morning and night for about an hour each session. If this is what you prefer, have posted standard operating procedures SOPs so that employees know what signs to look for, what they should do if they think an animal is in heat and who they should report any suspected heats to.

    If you rely on heat detection devices, such as pedometers, tail chalking and heatmount detectors, remember to look for visual signs after you ve identified cows you think may be in heat. Even though technology has helped to improve heat detection ability, sometimes cows aren t actually in heat and technology doesn t always perform as it should. Look for signs of heat such as decreased dry matter intake DMI , standing to be ridden, increased walking, a swollen vulva or restless and unusual behavior.

    Nutrition Everyday we are learning more about how feeding programs are impacting reproduction on dairy farms.

    Rather than focusing solely on reproduction, leading managers realize that the ration has just as big of an impact as heat detection and cow comfort. If the ration provides too much energy, cows will become fat and conception rates will decline. On the other hand, if cows are energy deficient, they will spend more energy on maintenance rather than on reproductive performance. The fine balance between too little and too much energy is where successful reproductive managers will find their ration.

    Don t forget about protein levels, as unbalanced levels can have adverse effects on reproduction. Also, research is showing that vitamin and mineral deficiencies can increase the chances of calving disorders and reduced conception rates. Employee training Busy managers may not always be the ones looking after the cows every day, but they are always in contact with the people who are.

    Employees can make all the difference when it comes to caring for heifers and fresh cows, identifying cows in heat and breeding cows. Mangers have to trust that their employees are doing what they are asking them to and ensure their employees have all the tools they need by: Posting protocols. What should employees do if you re not around and they have questions?

    Posting protocols of how cows should be handled if they are in heat, calving or become sick can help employees continue their tasks when you re not available. Providing Training.

    Breeder training and refresher courses ensure that you and your employees are on the same page when it comes to getting cows pregnant. Reminders of proper technique can eliminate any poor habits your breeders have picked up from other employees or previous jobs.

    inseminasi buatan pada unggas pdf to word - PDF Files

    Offering Incentives. Many managers offer incentives to ensure that their employees are taking these important tasks seriously. Set goals for your employees and reward them when they are reached.

    These goals could range from improved pregnancy rate to cows detected in heat.

    Making them part of the team. Employees are more likely to improve their work habits if they know their position matters. If you are having troubles with your reproduction program, ask for their opinion and what they think could be done for improvement. Cow comfort Stress can have many negative effects on cows, and hindering reproductive performance is one of them. There are plenty of environmental stressors that can negatively affect cows in their normal day-to-day routine, like overcrowding, poor ventilation, poor footing, uncomfortable stalls and rough handling.

    In extremely stressful situations, dry matter intake DMI , milk production and, eventually, reproduction are compromised as animals spend available energy attempting to remove themselves from the situation.


    To ensure cow comfort for your herd, focus on the following areas, which can all positively impact reproductive performance: Comfortable stalls. Cows will spend more time lying down if the stalls are comfortable, which can lead to higher milk production and improved health. They will also spend less time on their feet, which can be beneficial for hoof health. Proper footing. You can detect more cows in heat because they will stand to be ridden and jump on other animals that are in heat.

    Proper space for everyone. Stocking density can be a problem when cow numbers are too high. Research has shown that stocking rates above percent have adverse effects on lactating cows, especially fresh and young cows.

    And these are the cows we are focusing on fresh cows need to get rebred and young cows that will be a part of the lactating herd for a long time to come. Heifer raising.

    Reproductive success starts long before the two-yearold enters the milking string. Seperti publikasi ilmuah Indonesia lainnya, persoalan terminology sekaligus peng-Indonesia-an istilah asing tidaklah selalu mudah. Untuk mengatasi ini digunakan acuan ragam baku dan glosarium. Selain itu gambar-gambar yang ada diharapkan dapat mempermudah penjelasan. Buku ini dilengkapi dengan daftar pustaka, yang diharapkan mempermudah pembaca untuk menelusuri sumber asli dari uraian yang ada di bab yang bersangkutan.

    Berkaitan dengan cara ini, maka sangat jarang penulis mencantumkan pendapat pengarang asli. Account Options Sign in. Top Charts. New Arrivals. Endokrinologi Veteriner Pudji Astuti August 7, Endokrinologi merupakan salah satu pokok bahasan dalam bidang ilmu fisiologi yang dalam hal ini ditekankan pada hormon.

    Penjelasan diawali dari pengenalan sel, pembagian hormon berdasarkan target organ maupun berdasarkan struktur kimianya. Dalam buku ini, telah dibahas juga tentang awal perjalanan faktor pelepas dari hipotalamus ke hipofisis sampai disekresikannya hormon dari target organ secara umum. Selanjutnya, agar mahasiswa lebih jelas dalam memahami peran hormon, rangkaian kejadian dari faktor pelepas sampai timbulnya aksi biologis seperti yang telah dijelaskan secara umum akan dibahas satu per satu secara terperinci.

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    Teguh Wahju Sardjono. Organisme-organisme penyebab penyakit infeksi pada dasarnya dapat digolongkan menjadi empat golongan besar, yaitu virus, bakteri, jamur dan parasit. Virus adalah organisme yang hanya terdiri dari viral genome atau asam nukleat yang dikelilingi oleh selaput protein yang disebut capsid.

    Selanjutnya, hal-hal yang terkait dengan hakekat virus, asal-usulnya, penggolongannya, perkembangan hingga peran virus dalam terjadinya penyakit viral, dipelajari dalam Virologi. Bakteri, hingga saat ini dikenal sebagai organisme yang menjadi penyebab infeksi terbanyak. Adapun organisme yang dikenal sebagai parasit, tergolong keluarga hewan Animal Kingdom yang menyebabkan berbagai jenis penyakit parasitik, dipelajari dalam Parasitologi Kedokteran Medical Parasitology.

    Virus dan bakteri pada umumnya dipelajari bersama-sama dalam bidang ilmu Mikrobiologi. Fisiologi Reproduksi Ternak: Dasar Manajemen Reproduksi. Aulia Puspita Anugra Yekti. Ilmu Reproduksi adalah ilmu tentang perkembangbiakan, yang merupakan mata kuliah wajib bagi mahasiswa Fakultas Peternakan dan kedokteran ternak. Hal ini karena ilmu reproduksi mendasari dari inti ilmu di bidang peternakan dan kedokteran ternak yaitu permasalahan pembibitan ternak yang diawali bidang reproduksi dan pemuliaan ternak.

    Penyakit Parasiter Kucing. Wisnu Nurcahyo. Buku ini ditulis sebagai wujud keprihatinan merebaknya penyakit parasit di Indonesia, khususnya parasit pada kucing. Era globalisasi menjadikan laju mobilitas manusia di seluruh dunia demikian tinggi.

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